Flights to Krakow: Poland’s most beautiful city
Enjoy your Lufthansa flight to Krakow, Poland’s second biggest and most beautiful town. Situated in the south of Poland Krakow has survived the last eight centuries without being destroyed. This led to the most beautiful historic inner city with buildings from the gothic, renaissance, baroque and all later periods standing next to each other. Legend will tell you that the city started on the Wawel hill, under which a dragon had its lair. The local chieftain Krak slew the dragon and made the Wawel hill the center of his new town. Today you will find the Wawel castle from the 14th century there, but archeological evidence points to settlements as old as 20,000 years.
Walking the king’s way in KrakowWhen Krakow was given the city rights in 1257 it was rebuilt. The gigantic central market place with the Cloth Hall in the middle and the Town Hall to one side was the biggest marketplace in Europe at the time. It is also a great place to start your exploration of the city. Go down Florianska Street, once part of the Royal Route from the impressive Barbakane to the Wawel Hill. Here the Kings of Poland made their coronation and funeral processions. Visit the Collegium Maius, the historic main building of the Jagiellońska, Poland’s oldest University and the second oldest in middle Europe. Here the astronomer Nikolaus Copernikus studied, and the first globe showing the American continent stands in the museum of the university. Krakow is still the polish center of higher learning, a quarter of the population are students.
Krakow with a pinch of saltOne of the most famous pieces of art in the world is also on display in Krakow: The “Lady with an Ermine” by Leonardo da Vinci. You will find many museums in Krakow, including a museum of pharmacy and an alchemist’s laboratory, hinting at the legendary alchemist Pan Twardowski. See the Szczerbiec, the “Notched Sword”, which was the coronation sword of the first Polish monarchs, and many other artefacts of medieval slashing and smashing in the Crown Treasury and Armoury inside the Wawel palace. What made the region so prosperous was salt, which was mined in the area and traded all over Europe. You can visit the world-famous Wieliczka, the oldest salt mine in the world, where the workers have formed a whole cathedral out of the rock salt, decorated with salt sculptures and salt chandeliers. Lesser known, but equally beautiful is the Bochnia Salt Mine. With so much to see and do in Krakow, you may want to come back a couple of times with the comfortable Lufthansa flights.
Information Airport Krakow
- Name: Międzynarodowy Port Lotniczy im. Jana Pawła II Kraków-Balice
- IATA Code: KRK
- Distance to downtown Krakow: 11 km / 7 mi
- Transportation: suburban railway (“Koleje Małopolskie”), regional bus, rented car, taxi
What else to see in Krakow
- Town Hall Tower
- St Mary’s Church
- Krakus Mound