In a number of countries specific entry and exit requirements apply to children who are travelling alone or who are only accompanied by one parent or guardian or by someone who is neither a parent nor a legal guardian.
Travel to/from South Africa
With effect from 1 October 2014 children and teenagers under 18 years of age entering or leaving South Africa must produce an unabridged birth certificate which carries details of both parents.
If a minor is not travelling with both parents who have legal custody, proof must also be provided that the parent who is not present:
- agrees to the journey. In this case an affidavit from the other parent to that effect (not older than 3 months from the date of travel) is required, along with a copy of that parent’s passport and their contact details;
- does not have to give any informed consent (a court order granting sole custody or the death certificate of the other parent).
Minors who are accompanied by someone who is not their parent, must carry with them a copy of their unabridged birth certificate as well as affidavits from both their parents or legal guardians giving permission for them to travel (not older than 3 months from the date of travel) as well as copies of their parents’ or guardian’s passports and their contact details.
In addition to the above, children or teenagers travelling alone who wish to enter South Africa must carry a letter of confirmation from the person they will be staying with as well as that person’s contact details and a copy of their passport.
The required documents must be submitted in English. Moreover, translations of official documents must be authenticated by the responsible federal state authority. Essentially, all documents must be originals or, if they are copies, they must have been attested by a notary public.
If you have any questions in this regard, they can only be answered authoritatively by the South African Department for Home Affairs or by South African embassies or High Commissions. You will find further information on the website of the German Foreign Office (in German only).
Travel from Italy
Children under 14 years of age who are travelling from an Italian airport on an Italian passport must carry a written declaration of consent with them which authorises their temporary care. This applies if the children are travelling alone or are accompanied by persons who are not their parents or legal guardians.
Such an official declaration of consent can be issued at any police station – with the exception of the airport police. If no written declaration of consent for temporary care of the child is produced, the child may be refused boarding.
You will find further information on the homepage of the official website of the ‘Polizia di Stato’, the Italian National Police (in Italian only).
Travel from the USA and Canada
Children and teenagers aged between 2 and 18 years travelling alone on an American passport from an airport in the USA or Canada require a consent letter from their parents or legal guardians. This is also the case for children and teenagers aged between 2 and 19 who are travelling alone on a Canadian passport from Canada or the USA. If a child or teenager is travelling with only one parent or guardian they also require a consent letter from the parent/guardian who is not travelling with them.
The regulation is a requirement of the United States Transportation Security Administration and Canada’s Border Services Agency. Children and teenagers who cannot produce a consent letter may be refused boarding.
You will find further information for the USA on www.travel.state.gov and for Canada on www.travel.gc.ca.
Travel from Romania
Minors - Romanian nationals - under 18 years of age, holding a Romanian passport or Romanian ID card (for travel within EU)
- travelling alone from a Romanian airport, must carry a written, officially authorized declaration of consent for travel from parent(s) or legal guardian(s), issued by a notary. This also applies if the children are travelling accompanied by adults other than parents or legal guardians. On request, “unaccompanied minors service” may be provided by the airline.
- travelling from a Romanian airport accompanied only by one of their parents, should be holding an officially authorized (issued by a notary) declaration of consent for travel from the other parent.
- The official declaration of consent issued by a notary should be authorized before the date of departure, it cannot be authorized or issued by the airport border police.
The minor passenger may be refused boarding if the required paperwork is not provided before embarkation. For detailed information please contact the LH Service Center Romania.
You may find further information at www.politiadefrontiera.ro (Conditii de calatorie -> Minori) or calling the Bucharest Border Police local number + 40 21 9590.
Travel from Moldova
Minors – Moldova nationals - under 18 years of age, holding a passport issued by the Republic of Moldova may travel ex Moldova only accompanied by adults – their parent(s) or legal guardian(s).
Under special conditions, minors travelling to/from place of study may be accepted on board flights departing from Moldova, after mandatory written consent is provided. There is no possibility to grant travel authorization on departure, at the airport.
Important: the minor may be refused boarding if the required paperwork is not provided to responsible authorities. For detailed information please contact the LH Service Center Moldova.
You may find further information at http://www.airport.md/children-en/