Enjoy your flight to Nice
Nice is the capital of the French Départments Alpes-Maritimes and is one of the most famous tourism destination on the Côte d'Azur. Starting in the 1850s Nice was the destination of choice for rich aristocrats from all over Europe as a winter getaway. But they were not the first who appreciated the mild climate and the location between the Alps and the Mediterranean. Homo erectus (400.000 years old), Neanderthal and early modern humans had been here before, but also Greek settlers and Roman invaders.
Romans and revolutionariesFrom the Greek period the city still has its name, they called it after Nike, their Goddess of victory. The conquering Romans renamed the town Cemenelum, the name lives on in the Cimiez district of Nice. In this part of town you can visit a Roman arena still in use today and the ruins of a giant Roman bathhouse. The later rulers like the Goths, the Franks and the Piedmont duchy all felt right at home in this beautiful and strategically important city. The fame as a tourist destination for the rich aristocracy started before Nice became French. Especially the British and the Russians made Nice their winter quarters and in return influenced the city. The famous Promenade Des Anglais was the seaside promenade where the English high society wanted to be seen, up to and including Queen Victoria. The Russian Czar and his family understandably preferred Nice to St. Petersburg in the winter. Even today you can find the Russian-orthodox church Saint-Nicolas, named after a Russian prince who died in Nice. There is also a monument to the adventurer and revolutionary Guiseppe Garibaldi, born in Nice and fighter for the unification of Italy.
Building blocks: Architecture and art in NiceThrough all the epochs of its existence Nice has some architecture left, so today it looks like a museum in architectural history. If you take a stroll through the charming Old Town you will find a lot baroque, classicism, belle époque and art déco buildings next to contemporary architecture. The famous artist Henri Matisse spent a great part of his life in Nice and left many of his works and his own private collection on display in the Musée Matisse. Make sure to visit the „Musée National Message Biblique Marc Chagall“, where the famous artist Marc Chagall designed a house for containing his works of art You can also indulge in the local cuisine: try socca, a pancake made of chickpeas flour, the salade niçoise and all the fresh fish dishes you can expect in a French coastal town. In this mild climate the wine grows to be exceptionally good, try to get some samples from the wineries in the area. You can also make a daytrip to famous neighboring cities like Monaco, Cannes and St. Tropez. And finally have a great time just relaxing on the beach!
More to see in Nice
- Terra Amata, archaeological museum
- Castle of Nice
- Flower Market of Nice
Information Airport Nice
- Name: Aéroport Nice Côte d’Azur
- IATA Code: NCE
- Distance to downtown Nice: 7 km
- Transportation: bus, rented car, shuttle, taxi